Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges and human activity is its root cause. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people have burned more and more fossil fuels and changed vast areas of forest to agriculture, mining, human settlement, etc. In addition to increasing emissions from the energy sector, human population increases coupled with economic growth have caused deforestation and other climate risks. With global deforestation of 130 million hectares between 1990 and 2016, only about 30% of the terrestrial area is left with forest cover.
Although forest-to-land cover in Indonesia is still higher than the global average, continued deforestation is contributing to carbon emissions causing global warming. The increase in temperature in return will affect all life on earth. Science has documented changes affecting humans and nature alike, including health, food security, seashore changes, and socio-economic implications Therefore, an international effort is needed to cope with the detrimental effects of climate change.
The most significant milestone in the international climate action is the Paris Agreement concluded in December 2015 and ratified in 2016. Both the EU and Indonesia are major players in the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
In Mid-September 2020, the European Commission proposed its latest package of climate actions, proposing to reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels, which will put the EU on a balanced pathway to reaching climate neutrality by 2050.
Indonesia’s commitment to the Paris Agreement is focused on actions in forestry, energy, waste management, agriculture, and industry, along with efforts in strengthening economic, social, and ecosystem resiliencies. Energy and forestry are the two sectors that contribute significantly to carbon emission in Indonesia, followed by waste, agriculture, and industry.
The EU’s public diplomacy platform EU Climate Diplomacy Week in Indonesia 2020 providesan opportunity for awareness raising and discussion on these themes between the EU and its member states, and like-minded Indonesian stakeholders. With humanity now facing the additional challenge posed by the Covid-19 pandemic, interlinkages between climate and health as well as the opportunities for green recovery will also be explored. Finally, with increasing temperatures affecting commercial crop production, the typical Indonesian commodity of coffee has also been included in the programme.
Climate Diplomacy Week 2020 (CDW 2020) will take place from 23 October to 6 November 2020. It is open for various types of public diplomacy actions focusing attention on a broad range of climate change topics and involving various EU and Indonesian stakeholders.
CDW 2020 will focus on 5 thematic areas:
- Our Forests: the dynamic interrelationship between climate, forest and peatland, local community and global commodity
- Our Oceans: exploring adaptation actions by government, the youth, and local community
- More Responsible Consumption: Examining economic models and lifestyles for responsible consumption, including waste
- A Greener Economy: Addressing the need for a low carbon development initiative
- Urban Climate Action: Exploring how emerging city trends and actions in Indonesia can reduce emissions.
CDW will have as its objectives to:
- build awareness on the threats and impacts of climate change
- promote commitments and actions responding to climate change
- push for collaborative action between stakeholders
- raise visibility for EU ambition and leadership in accelerating climate change action